10/24/2010

Bill of Lading 的種類

Bill of Lading 提單的種類:

1. 依貨物是否裝船,可分為:
備運提單(Received-for-shipment B/L,簡稱 received B/L)
裝運提單(shipped on board B/L 又稱 shipped B/L或on board B/L)

2. 依提單上是否有運送人之批註,可分為:
清潔提單 (clean B/L)
不清潔提單 (unclean B/L; Foul B/L)

3.依提單是否可流通轉讓,可分為:
記名提單或不可轉讓提單 (stright B/L)
指示提單或可轉讓提單 (order B/L  或 nonnegotible B/L)

4.依貨物在運輸中途是否須經轉運,可將提單分為:
直達提單 (direct B/L)
聯運提單 (through B/L)

5.依提內容記載之詳簡,可將提單分為:
詳式提單 (regular long form B/L)
簡式提單 (short form B/L)

6.依運費是否已付訖,可將提單分為:
運費預付提單 (freight prepaid B/L)
費費後付提單 (freight collect B/L)

7.轉運提單(transhipment B/L)

8.陳舊提單 (stale B/L)

9.第三人提單 (third party B/L)

10.任意港卸貨提單(optional port B/L)

11.貨櫃提單 (container B/L)

12.複合運送提單 (combined transport B/L)

13.傭船提單 (charter party B/L)

14.併裝提單 (groupage B/L)

15.海運貨運單 (sea waybill)

16.電子提單( electronic B/L)